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Purpose of this study is investigating the effect of balance training on throw hit accuracy and body awareness (proprioception) in land pentathletes. The study group consisted of 20 male (military) Pentathlon athletes (age: 22,50 ± 3,8) and 20 university students (age: 20,10 ± 0,71) who exercised regularly in total the control group consists of 40 subjects who participated voluntarily. In the study, the tests were conducted before and after the 8 week balance training of the sportsmen. Balance trainings were applied after 3 days and 20 minutes and warm-up period per week. All statistical analyzes, significance and distribution tests, Mann Whitney U test and Wilcoxon signed rank test were used to test the significance of the difference between the difference scores of two related measurement sets. There was no statistically significant difference between the groups in pre-test results applied in the study and in the final test results, the difference between the groups in the values of dual foot dynamic balance, dominant leg balance, hit shot position, dynamic balance and hit scores of 20-25 meters were statistically significant (p < 0.01). As a result; it can be said that equilibrium training applied to the land pentathletes positively improved the proprioception scores of the ankle and knee joints, and balance and accurate bombing exercises have positive effects on the performance of the Olympic bomb throwing hit accuracy.
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