Author Guidelines


Instructions for Authors

Contributors are invited to submit their articles in English to the Editor for critical peer review. The Journal of Athletic Performance and Nutrition considers for publication papers in the categories of:
- Original Research,
- Review Article.

The articles must be in one of the following sub-disciplines relating generally to the broad sports medicine and sports science fields: physical activity and health, sports science, biomechanics, exercise physiology, sports nutrition, public health. Articles with an interdisciplinary perspective with specific applications to sport and exercise and its interaction with health will also be considered.

JAPN studies involving human subjects will be considered.

Authors must declare that articles submitted to the Journal have not been published elsewhere or are not being considered for publication elsewhere and that the research reported will not be submitted for publication elsewhere until a final decision has been made as to its acceptability by the Journal.

PLEASE NOTE that manuscripts will NOT be assigned for peer review until they are formatted as outlined in the Guide for Authors. In particular:
- Ensure that English is of good standard
- Ensure Ethics Committee details are as complete as possible
- Ensure all headings and subheadings conform to the Guide for Authors
- References, both in-text and reference list, must be formatted according to the Guide for Authors
- Provide the Figure Legends as part of the text file, at the end of the manuscript
- Include Acknowledgements – this is mandatory

The review process will consist of reviews by at least two independent reviewers. Contributors must suggest the names and full contact details of 3 possible reviewers. The reviewers must not be from the same institutions as the authors, and one must be from a country different to any of the authors. The Editor may, at his or her discretion, choose no more than one of those suggested. The reviewers will be blinded to the authorship of the manuscript. The Editor will make a final decision about the manuscript, based on consideration of the reviewers' comments.

The journal receives an ever-increasing number of submissions and unfortunately can only publish a small proportion of manuscripts. The journal's Editorial Board does not enter into negotiations once a decision on a manuscript has been made. The Editor's decision is final.

Papers accepted for publication become the copyright of TJSS. Authors will be asked to sign a transfer of copyright form, on receipt of the accepted manuscript by TJSS. This enables the publisher to administer copyright on behalf of the authors and the society, while allowing the continued use of the material by the author for scholarly communication.

- Microsoft Word is the preferred software program. Use Arial or Times New Roman font, size twelve (12) point.
- Manuscript is double-spaced throughout (including title page, abstract, text, references, tables, and legends). 
- Margins are 1 inch or 2.5 cm all around
- Include page and line numbers for the convenience of the peer reviewers. 
- Number the pages consecutively, beginning with the title page as page 1 .
- All headings (including the Title) should be in sentence-case only, not in capital letters.
- Sub-headings are generally not accepted. Incorporate into the text if required. 
- Footnotes are not acceptable.
- Keep the use of tables, figures and graphs to a minimum.
- See notes on Tables, Figures, Formulae and Scientific Terminology at the end.

Original Research papers
- 3000 word count limit (excluding title, abstract, tables/figures, Acknowledgements, and References)
- Maximum number of references is 40
- A structured abstract of less than 300 words (not included in 3000 word count) should be included with the following headings: Objectives, Design, Method, Results, and Conclusions

Review articles
- 4000 word count limit (excluding title, abstract, tables/figures, figure legends, Acknowledgements, and References)
- Maximum number of references is 70
- A structured abstract of less than 350 words (not included in 4000 word count) should be included sticking as closely as possible to the following headings: Objectives, Method, Results, and Conclusions


1. Title Page (first page) should contain:
a. Title. Short and informative
b. Authors. List all authors by first name, all initials and family name
c. Institution and affiliations. List the name and full address of all institutions.
d. Corresponding author. Provide the name and e-mail address of the author to whom communications, proofs and requests for reprints should be sent.
e. Word count (excluding abstract and references), the Abstract word count, the number of Tables, the number of Figures.

2. Manuscript (excluding all author details) should contain: (in order)

a. Abstract - must be structured using the following sub-headings: Objectives, Methods, Results, and Conclusions. 

b. Keywords - provide up to 5 keywords, with at least 3 selected via the Index Medicus Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) browser list: These keywords should not reproduce words used in the paper title.

c. Main body of the text.

For Original Research papers, text should be organised as follows:

1) Introduction - describing the (purpose of the study with a brief review of background

2) Methods - described in detail. Include details of the Ethics Committee approval obtained for Human investigation, and the ethical guidelines followed by the investigators. 

3) Results - concisely reported in tables and figures, with brief text descriptions. Do not include subheadings. Measurements and weights should be given in standard metric units. Do not replicate material that is in the tables or figures in the text.

4) Discussion - concise interpretation of results. Cite references, illustrations and tables in numeric order by order of mention in the text.

5) Conclusion

6) Acknowledgments - this section is compulsory. Grants, financial support and technical or other assistance are acknowledged at the end of the text before the references. All financial support for the project must be acknowledged. If there has been no financial assistance with the project, this must be clearly stated.

7) References - authors are responsible for the accuracy of references. 


Authors are requested to use the APA (6th edition) citation style.


APA uses the author-date method of citation. The last name of the author and the date of publication are inserted in the text in the appropriate place.

One work by one author:

 In one developmental study (Smith, 1990), children learned... OR 
ƒ In the study by Smith (1990), primary school children... OR 
ƒ In 1990, Smith’s study of primary school children…

Works by multiple authors:

When a work has 2 authors cite both names every time you reference the work in the text. 
When a work has three to five authors cite all the author names the first time the reference 
occurs and then subsequently include only the first author followed by et al. For example: 

First citation: Masserton, Slonowski, and Slowinski (1989) state that... 
Subsequent citations: Masserton et al. (1989) state that... 

For 6 or more authors, cite only the name of the first author followed by et al. and the year.

Two or more works in the same parenthetical citation: 

Citations of two or more works in the same parentheses should be listed in the order they appear in the reference list (i.e., alphabetically, then chronologically). 

Several studies (Jones & Powell, 1993; Peterson, 1995, 1998; Smith, 1990) suggest that...


In general, references should contain the author name, publication date, title, and publication information.


Strunk, W., Jr., & White, E. B. (1979). The guide to everything and then some more stuff. New York, NY: Macmillan. 

Gregory, G., & Parry, T. (2006). Designing brain-compatible learning (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin. 

Chapter of a Book: 

Bergquist, J. M. (1992). German Americans. In J. D. Buenker & L. A. Ratner (Eds.), Multiculturalism in the United States: A comparative guide to acculturation and ethnicity (pp. 53-76). New York, NY: Greenwood. 

Journal Article with DOI: 

Paivio, A. (1975). Perceptual comparisons through the mind's eye. Memory & Cognition, 3, 635-647. doi:10.1037/0278-6133.24.2.225 

Journal Article without DOI (when DOI is not available): 

Becker, L. J., & Seligman, C. (1981). Welcome to the energy crisis. Journal of Social Issues, 37(2), 1-7. 

Hamfi, A. G. (1981). The funny nature of dogs. E-journal of Applied Psychology, 2(2), 38 -48.

Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in Microsoft Word.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  4. The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  6. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.